Women who had active migraine status were less likely to have T2DM hazard ratio, 0. Fagherazzi and his colleagues wrote. The researchers noted limitations in the study, such as self-reported migraine by participants in the cohort, exclusion of non—pharmacologically treated T2DM cases, observational nature of the study, and homogenized population in the E3N cohort consisting of mainly women in menopause who were teachers and belonged to the same health insurance plan.
This study was funded by a grant from the French Research agency.
Managing migraine in women often means managing hormones
Kurth is an advisory board member for CoLucid and has received funding for a research project from Amgen, honoraria from Lilly, lecture support from Novartis and Daiichi Sankyo, and travel support from the International Headache Society, as well as provided BMJ with editorial services. JAMA Neurol.
Skip to main content. Literature Review. Active migraine in women linked to lower risk of developing T2DM. When considering treatment options for their patients, it is important for clinicians to understand the observed differences in migraine treatment use and response between women and men. Women with migraine are more likely than men to take prescription medicine acute and prophylaxis or a combination of prescription and over-the-counter medications to treat their attacks, while men are more likely to take over-the-counter medications or no medications at all.
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Few studies have looked at or reported sex differences in efficacy of migraine therapies. Of the studies that have, the focus has been on triptans. Some studies have found that women had higher headache recurrence rates post-triptan use, while one large pooled analysis did not find this difference.
Women's Migraine & Hormonal Headaches | American Migraine Fdn
There have been no clinical trials on the use of migraine therapies during pregnancy or breastfeeding. Since sex and gender play a crucial role in the risk, pathophysiology, and management of migraine, it is important that clinicians take differences between women and men into account when diagnosing and treating the disease. However, more research is needed to truly understand these differences and optimize care for both women and men. As noted, there are currently no sex-specific guidelines for acute treatment of migraine, aside from menstrual migraines.
Researching and developing sex-specific guidelines may be an important aspect for the field to consider to improve migraine treatment for the entire adult population. Subscribe to PPM. Sign-up now! Types of Pain Acute Pain. Cancer Pain.
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Register now and get your name in front of these patients! Download Print Tweet. Subscribe or renew to PPM. Assessing and Treating Migraine in Women and Men. Medication-overuse headaches occur when medications stop relieving pain and begin to cause headaches. You then use more pain medication, which continues the cycle.
Migraine care at Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview A migraine can cause severe throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation, usually on one side of the head. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic Minute Weathering migraines. Share on: Facebook Twitter.
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References Simon RP, et al. In: Clinical Neurology.
The impact of the menstrual cycle
New York, N. Accessed May 9, Asshina M. The most important advances in headache research in The Lancet Neurology. Cutrer FM, et al. Pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis of migraine in adults.
Why do women get more migraines?
Migraine information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Bajwa ZH, et al. Acute treatment of migraine in adults. ABC's of headache trigger management.